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World War One: Fokker Dr.1 Triplane Manfred von Richthofen

This full size replica aircraft has been seen at many different New Zealand airshows in three different colour schemes! This aircraft (ZK-FOK) now represents the most famous Fokker Dr.1, the all-over red 425/17 which was flown by Manfred von Richthofen on the day he was shot down and killed in April 1918.

 

Manfred von Richthofen (1892-1918)    Pronunciation:  Sound

Rank:

Rittmeister

Victories:

80

Born:

02 May 1892, Breslau

Died:

Died 21 April 1918, Morlancourt Ridge (Killed In Action)

Buried:

Südfriedhof Cemetery, Wiesbaden, Germany
 

One of the most famous fighter aces of all time, Baron Manfred von Richthofen, like many of his contemporaries, actually served in a ground-based (infantry) unit before transferring to the Imperial German Army Air Service (Luftstreitkräfte) in 1916.

Dr1He was a fast learner, and after only a month in the air had already achieved 'Ace' status with six victories against Allied aircraft. As his reputation grew he began painting the fuselage of his aircraft (initially an Albatros D.III) bright red, and became known to the British as the 'Red Baron', and to the French as the 'Red Devil'.

In January 1917 he became the commanding officer of Jasta 11 and by June 1917 he was commanding Jagdgeschwader 1, a combined force of four individual Jasta (fighter squadrons).

While pursuing an Allied aircraft on 21 April 1918, von Richthofen was shot down. Canadian Sopwith Camel pilot Arthur Brown was officially creditted with the 'kill' but other evidence suggests that Richthofen may have been killed by a single bullet fired from Australian ground troops. Initially buried in France with full military honours (by the Allies), Richthofen's body was later exhumed and reburied in the family cemetery at Wiesbaden (Germany).

A detailed and interesting discussion on the final flight of von Richthofen can be fund at this site:

Who Killed The Red Baron?


The two von Richthofen brothers, Manfred and Lothar.

 


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